nonporous adj : not porous; especially not having vessels that appear as pores; "nonporous wood" [ant: porous]
Porosity is a measure of the void spaces in a material, and is measured as a fraction, between 0–1, or as a percentage between 0–100%. The term porosity is used in multiple fields including manufacturing, earth sciences and construction.
Porosity in earth sciences and construction
Used in geology, hydrogeology, soil science, and building science, the porosity of a porous medium (such as rock or sediment) describes the fraction of void space in the material, where the void may contain, for example, air or water. It is defined by the ratio:
- \phi = \frac
where VV is the volume of void-space (such as fluids) and VT is the total or bulk volume of material, including the solid and void components. Both the mathematical symbols \phi and n are used to denote porosity.
Porosity is a fraction between 0 and 1, typically ranging from less than 0.01 for solid granite to more than 0.5 for peat and clay, although it may also be represented in percent terms by multiplying the fraction by 100.
The porosity of a rock, or sedimentary layer, is an important consideration when attempting to evaluate the potential volume of water or hydrocarbons it may contain. Sedimentary porosities are a complex function of many factors, including but not limited to: rate of burial, depth of burial, the nature of the connate fluids, the nature of overlying sediments (which may impede fluid expulsion). One commonly used relationship between porosity and depth is given by the Athy (1930) equation:
- \phi(z) = \phi_0 e^\,
where \phi_0 is the surface porosity, k is the compaction coefficient (m−1) and z is depth (m).
A value for porosity can alternatively be calculated from the bulk density \rho_ and particle density \rho_:
- \phi = 1-\frac
Porosity and hydraulic conductivityPorosity is indirectly related to hydraulic conductivity; for two similar sandy aquifers, the one with a higher porosity will typically have a higher hydraulic conductivity (more open area for the flow of water), but there are many complications to this relationship. Clays, which typically have very low hydraulic conductivity also have very high porosities (due to the structured nature of clay minerals), which means clays can hold a large volume of water per volume of bulk material, but they do not release water very quickly.
Sorting and porosity
nonporous in Catalan: Porositat
nonporous in German: Porosität
nonporous in Spanish: Porosidad
nonporous in Persian: تخلخل
nonporous in French: Porosité
nonporous in Italian: Porosità
nonporous in Lithuanian: Poringumas
nonporous in Marathi: छिद्रता
nonporous in Dutch: Porositeit
nonporous in Polish: Porowatość skały
nonporous in Portuguese: Porosidade
nonporous in Russian: Пористость
nonporous in Serbian: Порозност
nonporous in Finnish: Huokoisuus
nonporous in Ukrainian: Пористість
close, close-knit, close-textured, close-woven, compact, compacted, compressed, concentrated, concrete, condensed, congested, consolidated, crammed, crammed full, crowded, dense, firm, gluey, hard, heavy, impenetrable, impermeable, jam-packed, jammed, massive, packed, serried, solid, substantial, thick, thick-growing, thickset, viscid, viscose, viscous